Design bases for waste recycling rules in cities/ Baghdad, a case study"

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Sadeq Abdul Zahra Ghadhban
Amjad Mahmud

Abstract

Waste is one of the most important problems affecting the city’s environment and its urban landscape, which results from the activities and activities of man and the natural environment. Its sources have varied between residential, commercial, industrial, medical and hazardous, and its spread in cities, on roads and on abandoned open lands, has led to significant negative effects and risks to human health and the environment.


  Therefore, there were serious attempts to deal with waste and follow sequential steps that formed a waste management system such as (collection, sorting, transport, then treatment and disposal). Preventing and reducing waste, then recycling and recovering by composting or burning, and ending with burial.


  In order for these methods to be implemented and practically applied, the need for them to take place within its own buildings (and each treatment method has its own building) that is on the one hand common to each other in dealing with waste, its quantities and types, and on a different side from it with the design requirements and benefits resulting from the method of treatment, and it called Many parties want to include these buildings within the urban fabric of the city and change the bad impression generated by the impact of waste.


      Hence, the research dealt with the overlap between solutions and treatments of architecture and the problem of waste, so the research problem appeared in the presence of a lack of knowledge. In the foundations and design factors, according to which it is possible to work for the establishment of centers, facilities or facilities for recycling and treating waste.


        The research reached many conclusions that crystallized the development and identification of design foundations and standards that enable specialists to work with them when constructing buildings for recycling and waste treatment.

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Author Biographies

Sadeq Abdul Zahra Ghadhban

Sadeq Abdul Zahra Ghadhban                       

Amjad Mahmud

Dr. Amjad Mahmud