Main Article Content
The research deals with a modern concept in its applications and the studies it deals with, as the concept of urban densification is one of the most recent sustainable development strategies for cities.
Studies looking at the relationship between condensation and viability show mixed results. This study sheds light on how the built environment of dense urban areas affects the perceived quality of life of the population. How to enhance acceptance of dense life is an important question to investigate.
Adopting the concept of urban densification in city planning policies to be more sustainable and livable is of great importance by achieving efficient use of urban land and limiting urban sprawl, as well as reducing the use of the transport network by achieving an increase in reliance on public or collective transport, which affects the environment positively. As well as creating a socially interactive environment. In spite of this, debates remain as to whether cities in developing countries benefit from urban intensification in enhancing the viability of cities in a sustainable manner.
This research explores various dimensions of livelihood measurement by studying international experiences and extracting several indicators to measure that. This research is drawn from the master's thesis entitled Sustainable Urban Intensification of the Nasiriyah City Center, where in this study the search will be made for appropriate solutions and options to make the city more sustainable, productive, livable and less consuming of energy and resources. This study objectively examines the prevailing pattern of urbanization, city planning and
development, and living in Urban centers, and options for making cities green and ecological through urban densification and the adoption of compact city planning; Adopting mixed uses of land, reducing urban sprawl and increasing density.
In its theoretical framework, the research deals with the concept of livability, the idea and goals of livability in urban planning, as well as the extent of the possibility of living through urban densification. A set of indicators were extracted (public transportation, community facilities, open space and public space, a sense of community, a sense of safety, and the area of the dwelling). These main indicators also include several secondary indicators, through which it is possible to arrive at a measure of the extent to which the viability of living in cities can be achieved. Urban intensive.
As for the practical side, it was represented by conducting a field survey of the study area (Nasiriyah city center) to identify the characteristics of the city, and after that the indicators drawn from the theoretical framework were applied to it.