Main Article Content
Establishing sustainable cities and residential neighborhoods requires the development of new planning strategies, as adopting sustainable planning strategies when planning urban land uses for residential neighborhoods is necessary due to the large number of urban land use problems that have emerged during urbanization. The most prominent modern concept concerned with the land was the concept of sustainability, as sustainable planning aspires to link knowledge with sustainability through measures to achieve it. Therefore, sustainable planning works to apply the principles of sustainability in planning.
And in view of the circumstances that our country went through, which negatively affected various sectors and aspects of life, including planning residential neighborhoods, and the existence of a knowledge gap in adopting sustainable strategies when planning them, which led to the exacerbation of problems in them and the lack of sustainability of these neighborhoods, which represents the research problem, so the Research goalis Shedding light on the gap between the traditional planning of some elected residential neighborhoods in the holy city of Karbala and planning them according to the concepts of sustainability and what are the planning treatments that can be applied to reach sustainable residential neighborhoods, based on the hypothesis that the holy city of Karbala has Good floor and components through which sustainability can be reached in Planning residential neighborhoods.
On the practical side, the descriptive analytical approach and the comparative approach were used to achieve the results of the research by conducting field surveys, personal interviews, observation, and diagnosis in collecting data, and using modern programs in extracting information, analysis, and mapping, and using planning methods in the analysis such as Gap analysis between Planning the reality of the situation for these neighborhoods and the
sustainable planning for them, as well as using a SWOT analysis to find out the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats enjoyed by the planning and implementation institutions responsible for planning, designing and implementing Master plans and sectoral designs for the city and residential neighborhoods, to come up with strategies and planning treatments for these neighborhoods to reach Out to sustainability.
One of the most important conclusions reached by the research is that the planning of most of the elected residential neighborhoods is not sustainable. The research recommended the necessity of adopting sustainable planning approaches and strategies when planning, designing and implementing residential neighborhoods in the holy city of Karbala.